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Life in the 1990s

12 February 2017

Picking up from the 1980s, we now move into the decade in which our founders were born! But what else notable happened…

Nelson Mandela was freed in 1990 (as we previously mentioned in our 60s blog post) and South Africa went on to repeal their Apartheid laws in 1991. The same year also saw the Gardner Heist where thirteen pieces of artwork, including three Rembrandts and five Degas, valued at $500 million, were stolen in a yet unsolved mystery.

In 1994 the Channel Tunnel opened, connecting Britain and France. It was a year also marked by some darker events however and on April 6th, 1994 the Rwandan genocide began. Lasting 100 days, the genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis dead. This tragic event coincided with the Bosnian genocide that lasted approximately three years following the independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina from Yugoslavia; resulting in approximately 100,000 deaths.

1996 saw the birth of the first ever cloned mammal, Dolly the Sheep, who was born using the process of nuclear transfer. This marked an incredibly poignant moment in scientific history.

History was also created with the emergence of the World Wide Web. This ‘point and click’ version of the internet would go on to fundamentally revolutionise the way in which we live, work and communicate with each other. Indeed, without it, you would not be reading this post…

The amount of content on the internet grew rapidly throughout the decade, from a single website in 1991 to nearly 17.1 million websites by 2000.

This was also the decade that JK Rowling brought us Harry Potter, the magical young wizard that captured the nations, and indeed the worlds, imagination. It is estimated that by 2013, more than 500 million copies had been sold worldwide in 73 different languages, making Harry and his friends part of the best-selling book series in history.

A notable death during this decade was of…

- Joe DiMaggio, baseball legend, who won nine World Series titles and set a record 56-game hitting streak in 1941, died March 8, 1999.

A notable birth during this decade was of…

- Rather fittingly, Emma Watson, a star of the movie production of the Harry Potter series, who was born on April 15, 1990.

Yours faithfully,

- The Loggacy Team

 
 

Life in the 1980s

15 July 2016

The 1980s was a period marked by rapid technological advancement, coupled with a movement toward economic liberalisation and democratisation in communist-led socialist states.

Technological advancement can be no better evidenced than by the introduction of Pac Man in 1980; one of the most popular video games of all time…

IBM subsequently created the first personal computer in 1981; which would retail at $1,565 (equivalent to $4000 in today’s terms). This would soon be followed by the first commercial Compact-Disc (CD) player in 1982; allowing people to listen to music on the move.

Later in the decade, perhaps the most pervasive technological development would be made however, with Tim Berners Lee formalising the concept of the internet, with extensive transoceanic satellite links and nodes connecting most developed countries.

Meanwhile, economic liberalisation was underpinned by reforms in Britain; with Margaret Thatcher introducing widespread programmes for privatisation and stock market deregulation. Such reforms echoed those of Ronald Raegan in the United States, with both peers being staunch opponents of communism.

Over the course of the 1980s, there would be a widespread movement towards democratisation throughout much of the East. Following the death of Josip Tito, the Yugoslavian communist leader, populations of many countries previously under military rule; such as Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil and Chile, rose up to instil accountable governments.

In the sporting world, Bjorn Borg defeated John McEnroe to earn his fifth consecutive Wimbledon title in 1980, while Sebastian Coe caused an upset in Moscow during the summer Olympics of that year by winning the 1500 metre final. Coe would later go on to lead London’s winning bid for the 2012 Olympics.

A notable death during this decade was of…

- Bob Marley. Following a four year battle against skin cancer that started on his toe and spread to his vital organs, Jamaican reggae singer Bob Marley May 11, 1981.

A notable birth during this decade was of…

- Christiano Ronaldo, the world famous footballer, who this week lifted the European Championship trophy for Portugal, was born on February 5, 1985.

Yours Faithfully,

- The Loggacy Team

 
 

Life in the 1970s

01 July 2016

In last week’s blog post on the 1960s we learnt about a decade largely marked by tones of rebellion and revolution. This week we discuss some of the most memorable moments of the 1970s; a period of time described as a ‘pivot of change’.

Floppy discs were first introduced in 1970 – a form of storage that would go on to be replaced by other, more versatile forms, such as the non-physical ‘cloud’ that so many utilise in the 21st century. In 1972, the Watergate Scandal came to the fore; exposing the often illegal and clandestine operations performed by the Nixon administration, such as bugging political opponents.

Nixon would go on to resign in 1974, however not before abortion was legalised in the US as a result of the Roe vs Wade supreme court decision. The case paved the way for change; enabling women throughout the country, and subsequently in many parts of the world, to have the power to choose whether or not to keep their child.

1973 was also the year that Britain joined the EU, with the British electorate voting to leave the Union of European states in a much debated referendum that took place on 23rd June.

In 1975 Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win at Wimbledon and Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates. It was also in this year that Pol Pot, the infamous Cambodian dictator, came to power.

Pol Pot, and the political party named the Khmer Rouge, oversaw the death of 1/3 of the Cambodian population. This was largely a result of his attempts to turn Cambodia into an agrarian state and for his fears that his people were threatening to depose him. Sadly Pol Pot was never tried for his crimes against humanity, and his party would retain a seat at the UN for a number of years after the crimes were uncovered.

Following the founding of Microsoft, the first Apple computer entered the world in 1976, and the first ever Muppet show was released. This is also the year that North and South of Vietnam was reunited to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam following the American exit in 1973. The American presence in Vietnam was highly controversial with many in the Western world condemning the American presence.

The first ‘test-tube baby’, Louise Brown, was born in the UK in 1978, marking an historic moment in medical science. And finally, in 1979, Margaret Thatcher became the first female Prime Minister of Great Britain, and Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her overwhelming service to the poor and the destitute.

A notable death during this decade was of…

- Elvis Presley. After discussing the rise to stardom of the ‘King of Rock and Roll’ in an earlier blog post, Elvis died on August 16, 1977.

A notable birth during this decade was of…

- Robbie Williams, the famous British musician, who made it solo after leaving the boy band Take That, with hits such as "Millennium," was born on February 13, 1974.

Yours Faithfully,

- The Loggacy Team

 
 

Life in the 1960s

17 June 2016

The 1960s is largely considered a period of rebellion and revolution; with social norms pertaining to fashion, music, drugs and sexuality all changing dramatically from the decade prior.

Brasilia, a purpose built city at a cost of US$2 trillion, was inaugurated in 1960 as the capital of Brazil. This was the same year that presidential debates in the US were televised for the first time and the most powerful earthquake ever recorded hit Chile. That earthquake registered a whopping 9.5 on the Richter scale in Valdivia; a small city in Southern Chile.

The Berlin wall was constructed in 1961; separating East and West Germany to prevent Germans who were living in the East from fleeing to the West. The wall would remain an enduring symbol of the Cold War between the allied powers of the West (Britain, France and the US) and the Soviet Union, until its destruction in 1989.

One Cold War stand-off of note is the Cuban Missile Crisis. Lasting 13 days in October of 1962, this was a period of confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union; who had placed nuclear missiles in Cuba to deter their ideological counterparts. This was the closest that the cold war ever came to escalating into a full scale nuclear war.

In 1963, Martin Luther King made his famous speech ‘I Have a Dream’; calling for racial equality in the United States. Sadly Martin Luther was assassinated five years later, however his words live on to this day and have inspired many others to campaign for black rights around the world. Indeed, in the year following Martin Luther’s speach, Nelson Mandela, a revolutionary anti-apartheid campaigner who fervently promoted black rights in South Africa, would be sentenced to life imprisonment in his fight for justice but would return to become the president of that very country in 1994.

The first Superbowl, one of the worlds most watched sporting events was held in 1967; and Woodstock, the most popular music event in history, which was seen as a symbol of the sex, drugs and rock ‘n roll culture of the 60s, was held in 1969. Due to organisational issues, Woodstock attracted an estimated 500,000 people, leaving its organisers with a debt of over $1 million and with 70 lawsuits filed against them.

As always…

A notable death during this decade…

- John F Kennedy, served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination on November 22, 1963.

A notable birth during this decade…

- JK Rowling, author of the bestselling Harry Potter books about a young boy with magical powers, was born on July 31, 1965.

Yours Faithfully,

- The Loggacy Team

 
 

Life in the 1950s

10 June 2016

Last week we talked about how the world was consumed by its second war on a global scale in less than half a century. As mentioned in the blog on the 1940s, the Cold War and a series of independence battles followed in its wake. This week however, we wanted to put more of a focus on specific achievements by individuals…

We start with Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal, who on May 29, 1953, became the first people to ever reach the summit of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world. In the same year, we also witnessed the discovery of DNA by James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins; who jointly received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for their work.

In 1954, the King of Rock and Roll, or quite simply ‘The King’, Elvis Presley, would begin his music career with Sun Records and go on to become one of the most influential and celebrated musicians of the 20th century. Rather amusingly, 1954 was also the year that the English explorer John Angelo Jackson trekked from Everest to Kanchenjunga during the (unsuccessful) search for the Abominable snowman.

The first reports claiming that cigarettes cause cancer were released in 1955. This would signal the start of a long campaign highlighting the dangers of a habitual past time that so many had indulged in somewhat unwittingly. Also in 1955, Disneyland opened its doors for the first time following a monumental project that would see a 160-acre Orange Orchard transformed into the worlds best-known theme park at a cost of $17 million.

The worlds first artificial earth satellite, Sputnik, was launched the following year, and so the Space Age would begin!

The Space Race, as it otherwise became known, was predominantly a competition between the Soviet Union and the United States of America to expand the reach of the human race. Laika the dog became the first living animal to enter orbit in 1957 but it would not be until 1965 that Alexey Leonov would complete the first space walk, and 1969 that Neil Armstrong would step foot on the Moon.

On a slightly less scientific note, the much-loved children’s book The Cat In The Hat, written by Dr Seuss was published in 1957, with Lego bricks first introduced in 1958 by Ole Kirk Christiansen, and The Sound of Music opening up on Broadway in 1959; starring Mary Martin and Theodore Bikel.

A notable death during this decade was of…

- George Orwell, who was born in India as the son of a British civil servant, and would go on to become a renowned novelist and critic; most notably for Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. He died on January 21, 1950.

A notable birth during this decade was of…

- Richard Branson, the famous British entrepreneur who founded the Virgin Group, among various other businesses. He was born on July 18, 1950.

Yours Faithfully,

- The Loggacy Team